Babylon King Nebuchadnezzar II had become the most magnificent city of ancient times. His palace had separate bathrooms with elaborate drains as well as latrines with raised seats, connected to a covered sewer system. The king’s bath ritual was in the form of water being poured over him by slaves.

There’s a very interesting history behind the evolution of plumbing materials used through the ages and up to modern times. Since it is most relevant and affects us all in one way or the other, it is worth knowing about the progression of material usage and innovations, over time. Going back all the way back to the time of the Roman Empire, piping constructed of lead and clay was the first reliable material used to deliver potable water to bathhouses, amphitheaters, and private residences all over the Empire.